Our unique geography
A nation of 1192 islands located in the Indian Ocean, the chain of atolls that make up the Maldives stretches across the equator along a length of 871 kilometres. The islands are made up entirely of coral reefs. The islands are grouped into 26 natural atolls and are divided into 20 administrative divisions.
Only 188 islands are inhabited, and over 160 are tourist resorts in operation and some of the islands are used for industry and agriculture.
The Maldives enjoys some of the richest marine biodiversity anywhere in the world. The country’s coral reefs, representing some 5% of the global reef area, are home to 250 species of coral and over 1,000 species of fish.
Several marine species and birds are protected by law. Protected areas have been designated to ensure the conservation of specific ecosystems and the rich biodiversity of the country.
The Maldives has a tropical monsoon climate with two seasons dominating the weather: the northeast monsoon from December to mid-May bringing in dry weather and the rainy season associated with the southwest monsoon from mid-May to November.
Male’, the capital
Male’ is the capital of Maldives and the seat of government. The Greater Male’ Region consisting of Male’, Hulhumale’ and Villingili is home to more than a third of the population and is the hub of the country’s economy.